Part Two: Account for Context

‘Account for Context’ is Part Two of the process. In this part, you will identify, and establish how to address, the contextual factors that could influence whether, or how quickly, your programs or activities will affect the changes that they are designed to achieve. In practice, this involves identifying the risks that can get in the way of progress between different steps in the theory of change pathway; dependencies on the factors that need to be in place to progress between the steps; and false assumptions that certain causal or other relationships necessarily exist between the steps. Identifying contextual factors –such as organizational culture, commercial incentives or local laws – helps to:

  • Critique and strengthen your theory of change logic from Part One
  • Design indicators to monitor if contextual factors are in fact enabling or hindering progress (see Part Three)