The fourth step of human rights due diligence is communicating about the company’s efforts to prevent and address human rights risks. This means that the company should be prepared to demonstrate the effectiveness of its efforts in practice. There will be a range of audiences for the company to consider, ranging from affected stakeholders to shareholders and investors, to human rights experts to governments and others who are interested in or concerned about the company’s human rights performance. Companies whose operations or business relationships involve severe human rights risks should report formally on their efforts.

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